Domains: Basic Protection | Market Plurality | Political Independence | Social Inclusiveness

Main Domain:

Indicators:

Protection of freedom of expression This indicator aims to assess the existence and effective implementation of regulatory safeguards for freedom of expression. A country may have good laws relating to freedom of expression, but they may not be implemented or enforced. In addition, constitutional guarantees may be eroded by exceptions and derogations from international treaty obligations or by contradictory laws covering, for example, national security or defamation.

  

Protection to right to information This indicator aims to assess the existence and effective implementation of regulatory safeguards relating to the right to information. A country may have good laws relating to the right to information but they may not be implemented or enforced

  

Journalistic profession, standards and protection This indicator aims to assess the existence and effective implementation of regulatory safeguards for journalistic practice. This indicator focuses on several different pillars: criteria to become a journalist, professional associations, editorial independence and protection of journalists and their sources.

  

Independence of national authority(ies) This indicator aims to assess the existence and effective implementation of regulatory safeguards for the independence and efficiency of the relevant authority(-ies) in the media field. In particular, it looks at the independence and efficiency of the media,  competition and telecommunications authorities. Independence, transparency and effectiveness are crucial elements that should be guaranteed in order for the three authorities to act as watchmen of media pluralism and freedom.
■ Low Risk
■ Medium Risk
■ High Risk

About

The Basic protection indicators represent the regulatory backbone of the media sector in every contemporary democracy and they measure a number of potential areas of risk, including the existence and effectiveness of implementation of regulatory safeguards for freedom of expression and the right to information; the status of journalists in each country, including their protection and ability to work; as well as the independence and effectiveness of national regulatory bodies, namely media authorities, competition authorities and communications authorities.

Specifically, there are four indicators of Basic protection:

  • Protection of freedom of expression
  • Protection to right to information
  • Journalistic profession, standards and protection
  • Independence of national authority(ies)

By measuring these aspects of media freedom and media pluralism the area of basic protection is gauging the risk to democratic debate in a given country. It therefore lies at the foundation of any media system and is an essential building block of the media pluralism monitor as a whole. Any level of risk in basic protection can be of concern to other areas of media freedom and media pluralism, as the protection of these core aspects of media protection may be enabling of all other areas measured by the monitor.

Results:

BASIC-PIE Basic Domain Indicators

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