Domains: Basic Protection | Market Plurality | Political Independence | Social Inclusiveness
Political bias in the media This indicator aims to assess the existence and effective implementation of regulatory safeguards that guarantee that in news and informative programmes on PSM channels and services all political viewpoints existing in society are represented in a fair (qualitative), balanced (quantitative) and impartial (without taking sides) way. It also aims to assess the existence and effective implementation of regulatory safeguards that guarantee that in news and informative programmes on private television, political viewpoints are represented in a fair and accurate way. Moreover, the indicator aims to assess the existence and implementation of regulatory safeguards for fair access to airtime on PSM channels during electoral campaigns.
Politicisation of control over media outlets This indicator assesses the existence and effective implementation of regulatory safeguards against excessive ownership and/or control of media by politicians.
Politicisation of control over media distribution networks This indicator assesses the risk of political affiliations and control over media and distribution networks. It examines the transparency of data about the political affiliations of media owners, the proportion of specific political affiliation of media owners across the media market in terms of audience share. It also assesses the level of discrimination by politically affiliated media distribution networks.
State advertising This indicator assesses the influence of the state on the functioning of the media market, focusing particularly on the risk of discrimination in the distribution of state advertisements. The discrimination can be reflected in favouritism towards political parties or affiliates of political parties in the government, or in penalisation of media criticising the government.
Independence of PSM governance and funding
Independence of news agencies This indicator assesses the independence of news agencies and news aggregators.
Indicators of Political independence are designed to assess the risks for the political independence of the national media system and its media outlets. They focus on examining the existence and effectiveness of implementation of regulatory safeguards against biased representation of political viewpoints in media, and also the extent of politicisation over media outlets, media distribution networks and news agencies. Moreover, they also aim to assess the influence of the state on the functioning of the media market, with a focus on state advertisement and public service media.
Specifically, there are six indicators of Political independence:
- Political bias in the media
- Politicisation of control over media outlets
- Politicisation of control over media distribution networks
- State advertising
- Independence of PSM governance and funding
- Independence of news agencies